What Are the Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology?

If you’re considering using assisted reproductive technology (ART) to help you conceive, it’s important to understand the different types of procedures that are available. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the different types of ART and how they work.

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There are many types of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), and the type that is right for you will depend on your particular fertility problem. The most common type of ART is in vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF is a process by which eggs are removed from a woman’s ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the woman’s uterus.

Other types of ART include:
-Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): ICSI is a variation of IVF in which a single sperm is injected into an egg.
-Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT): ZIFT is similar to IVF, but the embryos are placed in the fallopian tubes rather than the uterus.
-Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT): GIFT is similar to IVF, but eggs and sperm are placed together in the fallopian tube, where fertilization occurs.
-Donor eggs: Donor eggs may be used if a woman cannot produce her own eggs or if her eggs are of poor quality. Donor sperm may also be used if a man has a low sperm count or poor-quality sperm.

In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most commonly used type of ART. It involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with a man’s sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then transferred to the woman’s uterus, where they implant and grow.

IVF can be used when a woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked or when a man has low sperm count or poor sperm quality. It can also be an option for couples who have been unable to conceive through other fertility treatments.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to fertilize an egg. ICSI is most commonly used when there is a problem with the sperm that makes it difficult for the sperm to fertilize an egg on its own.

ICSI is performed in a lab by injecting a single sperm into an egg. The egg is then placed in a culture dish and incubated until it is ready to be implanted in the uterus. ICSI can also be used to fertilize eggs that have been frozen for future use.

ICSI is a relatively new procedure, and it is still being studied to determine its long-term effectiveness. However, ICSI has been shown to be an effective treatment for couples who have been unable to conceive using other methods of ART, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)

Frozen embryo transfer (FET) is a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) that involves retrieving embryos that have been previously frozen and then transferring them into the uterus. FET can be used with both fresh and thawed (frozen) embryos. The main advantage of this procedure is that it allows couples to use embryos that were created during a previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. This can be especially helpful for couples who have unused embryos from a previous cycle or who want to avoid having to go through the entire IVF process again.

Donor Eggs

Eggs that are donated by another woman are often used in assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. The eggs may be fertilized with the father’s sperm in a lab, or they may be injected with a single sperm (ICSI). The fertilized eggs are then transferred to the mother’s uterus, where they implant and grow.

Donor eggs may be used if the woman has a genetic disorder that could be passed on to her child, if she is unable to produce eggs, or if she is of advanced maternal age. Donor eggs may also be used in same-sex couples or in cases where the male partner has a low sperm count or poor-quality sperm.

Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which a woman carries and delivers a baby for another couple or person. The baby is not genetically related to the surrogate.

Gestational surrogacy can be an option for couples or individuals who have difficulty conceiving or carrying a pregnancy to term. It can also be an option for same-sex couples and single people who want to become parents.

There are two types of gestational surrogacy: traditional surrogacy and gestational carrier surrogacy. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate is also the egg donor. In gestational carrier surrogacy, the surrogate has no genetic connection to the child she is carrying.

In either type of gestational surrogacy, IVF is used to fertilize the egg of the intended mother or a donor egg with the sperm of the intended father or sperm donor. The fertilized embryo is then implanted into the uterus of the surrogate.

If you are considering gestational surrogacy, it’s important to choose a reputable fertility clinic and legal team that have experience with this type of ART. You will also need to find a surrogate who is willing to carry your child and with whom you feel comfortable and compatible.

Sperm Donation

While sex is the traditional way to make a baby, it’s not the only way. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes a number of different procedures that can help people have children when they are unable to do so using conventional methods. One type of ART is sperm donation.

Sperm donation involves retrieving sperm from a man and using it to fertilize an egg. The resulting embryo is then implanted in the uterus of the woman who will carry the pregnancy. Sperm donors can be anonymous or known to the recipient, and they may be compensated for their donation.

Sperm donation is used in a number of different situations, including when a man has a low sperm count or poor sperm quality, when a couple is unable to conceive using traditional methods, or when single women or same-sex couples wish to have children.

Egg Donation

Egg donation is when a woman donates her eggs to be used in fertility treatment. The eggs are fertilized with sperm in a laboratory, and the resulting embryos are implanted in the uterus.

Egg donation is often used when a woman cannot produce her own eggs, or when her eggs are of poor quality. Egg donors must be carefully screened to ensure that they are healthy and free of genetic disorders.

embryo Donation

Embryo donation is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which embryos are donated by one couple to another. The donor couple may be known to the recipients, or they may be anonymous. In either case, the donors must undergo a full medical and psychological evaluation to ensure that they are suitable candidates for embryo donation.

Embryo donation is often used by couples who have undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF) but do not wish to use their own embryos. It may also be used by couples who have leftover embryos after completing their own family. In some cases, embryo donation may be the only option for couples who are unable to produce their own embryos, either due to medical reasons or because they have been unsuccessful with IVF.

The process of embryo donation typically involves the following steps:

1. The donor couple produces eggs and sperm, which are then combined in a laboratory dish to create embryos.
2. The embryos are transferred to the uterus of the recipient woman, where they implant and grow into fetuses.
3. If pregnancy occurs, thebaby is delivered via cesarean section about 38 weeks after fertilization.
4. The legal and financial arrangements between the parties are finalized prior to the transfer of embryos.

Embryo donation is considered a safe and effective way to achieve pregnancy, with success rates that are similar to those of conventional IVF procedures. However, there are some risks involved, such as the risk of transmitting infectious diseases from the donors to the recipients. There is also a small risk that the embryo may not implant in the uterus or that pregnancy may miscarry.


In conclusion, there are many types of assisted reproductive technology. The most common are in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and egg donation. Each has its own set of risks and benefits, so it is important to speak with a fertility specialist to determine which is right for you.

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